Tourism plays an important role in directing economic activities and contributing to increasing the income of local communities. In these areas, high environmental quality creates a sense of positive development towards tourism destinations and, ultimately, tourism development. Among the issues to be considered, is the identification of factors that affect the quality of the tourist environments. Therefore, it seems necessary to step through the study of these factors in the development of tourism and the improvement of the quality of the environment in the villages where this activity is prevalent. Therefore, in this study spatial analysis of the environmental quality of villages of tourism destination in Fazl rural district of Neyshabour city has been investigated to provide the necessary grounds for tourism development. The present study is an applied and descriptive-analytical method. Data collection was done based on documentary and field studies. The statistical population of the study consisted of the villages of Fazl rural district, of Neyshabour city, which according to criteria such as population, distance and local reputation in tourism, 9 villages (Farkhok, Derakhsht, Rud, Bojhabad, Tahtmanzar, Ghar, Hesar, Sughand, Bojan) They were selected as sample, which according to the census of 1395 has 1325 households and 4527 people. The analysis unit in this study is 18 tourism experts and 260 villagers residing in the studied villages selected by the Cochran method and a 95% confidence level and 0.05 significance level by random and quotient sampling method. The dependent variable (environmental quality) Investigates seven dimensions of functional-structural, tourist attractions, visual, environmental, texture and communication networks, the social environment and environmental dynamics in a total of 7 indicators and 43 quantitative indicators. In the present study, data analysis was performed using a single sample t-test and prioritization of the target villages of Fazl rural district with the WASPAS estimation technique. The results of single-sample t-test in order to measure the quality of the environment of the tourism villages, considering the average, mean and significance level (less than 0.05) in each indicator, indicate that the environmental quality of the villages from the viewpoint of the research sample population is higher than the limit Average is evaluated. According to the amount of t, which shows the amount of deviation from the average, from the viewpoint of people, the texture index and communication networks and the functional-structural index are first and last, respectively. The calculated results of the WASPAS model showed that the villages of Bojan, Sukhand, and Farokhk have ranked first to third in terms of environmental quality indexes respectively, while the Rud River villages are under the landscape and the caves have the lowest environmental quality. In general, the WASPAS model shows that there is a significant and positive relationship between the environmental quality indicators used in tourism research and development.
Spatial analysis of the value of environmental quality of villages in the purpose of tourism (Case study: Fazl Dehestan, Neyshabur County)
Haft Hesar Journal of Environmental Studies, Volume:8 Issue:29, 2019
25 - 38
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