Nowadays, demand for the recreational use in natural environment has increased significantly. Increasing recreational use in these areas lead to destruction of natural resources and also caused to visitors' dissatisfaction. Maintaining recreational places and providing visitors' satisfaction require the use of approaches which consider visitors opinion in the recreational areas management. In this study, some approaches of recreational areas management, that use visitor's opinion in the recreational areas management including Place-Based Programming (PBP), Benefit-Based Management (BBM), Scenery Management System (SMS) and the use of visitor information (NVUM) have been described. PBP is based on understanding the people' concepts and values in different special geographic locations. The relationship and dependence between people and places may be associated with emotional, psychological, social, cultural and historical properties of individuals and groups which used the places. BBM is based on the benefits of outdoor recreation and classified recreational area based on the benefits of recreational use. SMS is a visual management tool which uses people's aesthetic preferences for recreational planning and management. NVUM includes information collected from visitors which can be used to identify visitors' behavior, preferences, needs, demands and their satisfaction that used for recreational resource management. These tools use people opinions for developing management protocols. Therefore, successful management of recreational areas associated with preparing visitors' satisfaction along with maintaining quality of recreational area can be possible using these tools.
Rectreation areas management Application of tourism based management tools in recreational
Human & Environment, Volume:17 Issue:3, 2019
51 - 68
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