One of the most common signs of aging that effects on health is a chronic pain. There are various methods to improve health such as mindfulness and massage-aromatherapy. This study aimed to compare the effectiveness of mindfulness training and massage-aromatherapy on psychological health of elderly women with chronic pain.
Present study was a Quasi-experimental with pre-test and post-test design. Research population was elderly women with chronic pain referring to clinics of rehabilitation, orthopedic and physiotherapy of west Tehran in 2017. 45 people were selected by available sampling method and randomly assigned into three group. Experimental groups trained 8 sessions of 90 minutes by methods of mindfulness and massage-aromatherapy, respectively and the control group was placed on the waiting list for training. The research instruments were the questionnaires of perceived stress, geriatric depression, quality of life and perception of pain. Data were analyzed by multivariate analysis of covariance and Bonferroni post hoc test methods.
The findings showed that both methods of mindfulness training and massage-aromatherapy led to significant decrease the perceived stress and depression of elderly women with chronic pain, but didn’t have a significant effect on their quality of life and perception of pain. Also, there was no significant difference between two methods of mindfulness training and massage-aromatherapy (P<0/05).
The results indicated the effectiveness of mindfulness training and massage-aromatherapy on perceived stress and depression of elderly women with chronic pain. Therefore, these methods can be used along with other methods to improve some characteristics associated with psychological health.