Public supervision and its religious and juridical standards

Public supervision is the prominent pattern and representative of national ruling right, public participation right and open criticism within the society. Based on the point of view of Islam, the purpose of all decision making and governmental actions is for maintaining the public interest and is stipulated to that. For example, the government is the safe keeper of information and national interest and apart from some exceptions; they should inform people of news and conditions. One of the main problems of modern political philosophies is specifying the scale of citizen's participation in sociological matters. Citizen's public participation in administrating country matters necessitates their freedom in making suggestion. Directing to right and deterring the bad manners from the point of view of citizens toward the government is also recognized as a duty (the 8th principle), also the freedom in expressing opinions in the medias (the 24th and 175th principle) are all signs of this reality;
A reality which is rooted in Islamic principles. According to instruction which is described in this article, we can openly say that the supervision right and open criticism to rulers in not found in any political system as much as Islamic system.

Article Type:
Research/Original Article
Supervision & Inspection, Volume:1 Issue:1, 2007
27 - 38  
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