Investigating Motivational and Preventive Factors Influencing Schools Physical Education teaching
The purpose of this study was to investigate motivational and preventive factors influencing schools physical education teaching from the perspective of physical education teachers. A number of 153 physical education teachers were selected from Sanandaj city through accessible sampling method. The instrument used in this section was a researcher made questionnaire including 2 sections of motivational factors (intrinsic and extrinsic) and 3 sections of preventive factors (student-centered, teacher-centered and institutional). Face validity and content validity of the questionnaire were confirmed by the experienced professors in the field of psychology and physical education. Construct validity was also confirmed through use of factor analysis (AGFI= 0.92, df=437, p=0.01). Its reliability coefficient was obtained in a pilot study using Cronbach's alpha coefficient (α = 0.93). For data analysis, one-sample and independent sample t-test, one-way ANOVA and post hoc test were used. The results showed significant difference between motivational factors (intrinsic and extrinsic) as well as between barriers factors (student-centered, teacher-centered and institutional) in physical education teaching from the viewpoint of teachers. Also, intrinsic motivational factor and institutional preventive factor have most influence on physical education teaching. Therefore, considering motivational factors based on self-determination theory, such as creating a sense of competence, independence and communication in physical education classes, encourage parents to physical education lesson, existence suitable sports spaces in schools and preventive factors including a reduction in the number of students in class and increasing the funding are important.
Article Type:
Research/Original Article
Quarterly Journal of Research in Educational Systems, Volume:13 Issue:46, 2019
85 - 99  
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