Comparative study of the Sevoflurane Asorption Capacity on Carbon Media Impregnated with Titanium Oxide Nanoparticles
IntroductionOccupational exposure to sevoflurane as an anesthetic gases in hospitals, dental clinics and veterinary clinics has been reported in various studies. Considering the harmful effects of sevoflurane anesthetic gas on the health of exposed personnel such as reproductive, preterm delivery and fetal abnormalities and increased spontaneous abortion, it is necessary to remove them from the air of the work environment, especially the treatment centers, with inexpensive and optimal methods. This study was aimed to compare two oxide-titanium based on Activated Carbon/ Graphene Oxide Nanosheets in nano and non-nano scales.
Material and MethodsTitanium oxide particles and nanoparticles were coated on actived carbon/ Graphene Oxide Nanosheets adsorbents. The prepared sorbents were characterized by instrumental techniques such as BET, SEM, XRD, FTIR and SEM-EDS to determine their properties. After characterization, the breakthrough and adsorption capacity of sevoflurane on both adsorbents were determined using the modified wheeler equation. Finally, the software of Microsoft Office Excel 2016 and SPSS Statistic version 21 IBM were used for statistical analysis of data.
Resultsthe results of XRD, SEM-EDAX analysis confirmed the stabilization of titanium oxide particles and nanoparticles on the sorbents. Furthermore, the FTIR results determined the functional groups on the sorbents. The BET results also showed the coating of titanium oxide nanoparticles on composite decreased the specific surface area of adsorption in comparison to adsorption containing titanium oxide particles. The adsorption capacity of the activated carbon/ Graphene Oxide Nanosheets coated with titanium oxide nanoparticles and titanium oxide particles were 240.7 and 210.5 mg sevoflurane per gram of sorbent, respectively (p-value<0.001).
ConclusionThe results showed that composite of activated carbon/nano oxide graphene coated with titanium oxide nanoparticles has a higher adsorption capacity of sevoflurane than other composite coated with titanium oxide particle, under the same conditions. This increase can be as a result of changes in surface chemistry (increase of the functional groups) in composite.
Journal of Health and Safety at Work, Volume:9 Issue:4, 2019
283 - 297
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