Considering the increasing population of the elderly and the need to pay attention to health issues and finding effective therapies, The purpose of the present study was to determine the effectiveness of the educational package based on the meaning of loneliness and self-efficacy of retired teachers.
The method of this quasi-experimental study was pre-test and post-test design with control group. The statistical sample of this study was 30 retired elderly residents of Kerman, who were selected by available sampling method. They were randomly assigned to two groups of experimental (15 subjects) and control (15 people). To collect data, the loneliness questionnaire of Russell (1980) and the self efficacy questionnaire 1981) were used. For data analysis, covariance analysis was used.
The findings showed that After adjusting the pre-test scores, the difference between the experimental and control groups in the self-efficacy variable was significant at the alpha level of 0.01, (F=44/534), Also, after adjusting the pre-test scores, the difference between the experimental and control groups in the sense of loneliness was also significant at the alpha level of 0.01, (F=34/16).
Therefore, the hypothesis of the research on the effectiveness of the educational package based on the psychometrics on loneliness and self-efficacy in the post-test is confirmed. Based on the results, it can be concluded that the use of educational package based on meaning therapy due to cultural and religious affiliation can be more effective against other therapeutic methods in reducing loneliness and increasing self-efficacy.