Elderly Demographic change will have a significant impact on societies. Locomotive disorders are common and important cause of disability and reduced quality of life in old age. Recognizing screening methods, can be early detection Locomotive syndrome (LS), prevented the incidence, prevalence and disability caused by this syndrome. The aim of this study is to integrative review of screening methods for LS in the elderly.
In this review study, searches in international and national databases and journals: Science Direct, PubMed, Scopus, Irandoc, SID, with keywords Locomotive syndrome, Locomotive disorder, screening tool, assessment tool, physical performance test, from 2000 to 2018were extracted and reviewed.
from 70 related articles, 19 English articles were reviewed. Methods and tests used to assess, evaluate and LS screening in 19 Articles related to the purpose of this study include evaluation method of 9 - Physical and 3 questionnaire or Evaluation Checklist. These include: stand up test, one-leg standing test (with open eye), two-steps test, 5-times-sit-to-stand test, 6-walking time, the 10-m gait time, measuring back muscles strength and grip strength, timed up-and-Go (TUG Test), maximum stride, self-check list (Loco-check), questionnaires GLFS-25 and GLFS-5.
In this study, screening methods of LS described. Because of the importance of the LS, using the perfect screening methods recommended in elders, for timely detection of LS.