Identification and classification of karst forms based on the models of Cvijic, Walthem, Komatina, and Herak (case study: Kalat Mountain Basin, Northeast of Iran)
Message:
Abstract:

There are relatively few karstic masses in the Hezar masjed-Kope Dagh zone where any geomorphological karst studies can is important be based on karst land form, calcareous aquifers, correlations of karst forms with karst hydraulic system, and land use and management in this area . This research is aimed at identifying and classification Karst forms basins in order to better and more accurately identify the karstas of this basin and to play an important role in land management projects in Karst areas .The research tool includes topographic maps, geology, aerial photographs, satellite imagery, digital elevation model (DEM) and ARC GIS software .After the boundary of the studied basin and identification of its karstic forms, the methods of classification Cvijic, Walthem, Komatina, and Herak for categorization of karstic forms of this basin were used.The karstic study of this basin shows that its karstic forms have a high diversity and include a variety of karren, Doline, karst valleys and karstic springs.The study of the karst forms of the Kalat basin revealed that, according to the Cvijic classification, these forms were in the row of transition karsts, based on Walthem and Fokes classification in the row of young karsts, based on the classification of the Komatina in the row of synclinal karst and based on the classification of Herak in the row of the karstic Orogeny.

Article Type:
Case Study
Language:
Persian
Published:
Page:
174
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