The Effectiveness of Positivism Training on Subjective Well-being, Positive Meta-emotion and Self-management Ability in the Elderly Women
Elderly people get psychologically impaired for a variety of reasons including physical impairments, so the necessity of intervention to improve their mental well-being, positive meta emotion, and self-management seems essential. Consequently, this study aimed to determine the effectiveness of positivism training on mental well-being, positive meta emotion and self-management ability of elder women. The present study was quasi-experimental with pretest-posttest design and experimental and control groups. Statistical population of the study consisted of all elderly women attending nursing home in Tehran in 2019, 60 of whom were selected through convenience sampling method and were randomly divided into two experimental and control groups. The experimental group received 8 sessions of 75-minute positivism training and the control group did not receive any training. Also, samples were required to answer Keyes & Magyar-Moe’s subjective well-being questionnaire, Mitmansgruber et al. positive meta-emotion subscale and Schumans et al. self-management ability scale. Data were analyzed by SPSS software version 22 using one-way analysis of covariance. Results showed a significant difference between experimental and control groups in terms of subjective well-being, positive meta emotion and self-management ability. In other words, positivism training increased mental well-being, positive meta emotion and self-management ability in elder women (P<0.001). Based on the results, it is recommended that counselors and psychologists in nursing homes use positivism training along with other methods to improve mental well-being, positive meta emotion and self-management ability in elderly.
Journal of Aging Psychology, Volume:5 Issue:3, 2019
217 - 227
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