Regular exercise training has been shown to be a useful option to treat and prevent type 2 diabetes. Correspondingly, the purpose of this study was to investigate effects of 12 weeks of combined aerobic-resistance exercise training on levels of chemerin, omentin and insulin resistance in men with type 2 diabetes.
In this clinical trial research, 20 male patients with type 2 diabetes were randomly divided into two groups combined aerobic-resistance training (n=10) and control (n=10). Subjects in training group performed 12 weeks aerobic-resistance training, 3 weekly training sessions with given intensity (aerobic: intensity of 60-70% maximum heart rate resistance: intensity 60-70% repetition maximum). Blood sampling was taken measurements of for chemerin, omentin resistance, fasting glucose and insulin resistance in the beginning and after 12 training protocol weeks were conducted.
After 12 weeks, in the combined training group chemerin (p=0.01), resistance insulin (p=0.01) and fasting glucose (p=0.001) decreased significantly and Vo2max increased significantly (p=0.001) than the control group. Significant change was not observed at the levels of omentin (p=0.37).
12 weeks of aerobic-resistance training in men with type 2 diabetes decreased the levels of chemerin, insulin resistance and also fasting glucose, but did not affect the level of omentin.