Hidradenitis suppurativa is a chronic inflammatory disease with multiple inflammatory nodules and abscesses. We aimed to compare split thickness skin graft (STSG) and flaps in bilateral chronic refractory axillary hidradenitis suppurativa.
Thirty patients were investigated from March 21, 2010 to March 20, 2015. Debridement of involved skin and subcutaneous fat was done until deep fascia. The second operation was a reconstructive procedure to cover bilateral axillary wounds with STSG in left side and random fasciocutaneous flaps in the right side.
Mean age of patients was 35.2±9.3 years. There were 16 men (53.3%) and 14 women (46.7%). Duration of the disease before trial was 6.5±2.1 years. The association between pain at one-month follow-up for graft or flap sites was not significant. The patients did not have pain at flap and graft sites at three-month, six-month and one-year follow-ups. Twenty-four patients (80.0%) had normal ranges of motion at one-month follow-up. At six-month and one-year follow-ups, all patients had bilateral normal ranges of motion. All patients were satisfied from symmetry of flap and graft sites at six-month and one-year follow-ups. All patients were satisfied from graft and flap donor sites at six-month and one-year follow-ups. At one-month, three-month, six-month and one-year follow-ups, recurrence of hidradenitis suppurativa was not seen.
Both STSGs and fasciocutaneous flaps were successful and satisfactory for tissue coverage in patients with axillary hidradenitis suppurativa. We recommend this technique in cases of bilateral axillary hidradenitis suppurativa.