Historical explanation of the emergence of the Basij in Iran with emphasis on the role of the Basij in the Islamic Great Iranian Revolution

The general mobilization of the people refers to the gathering of human beings around a specific purpose, which can be observed in any country, with any religion or profession. Basij in the history of Iran is no exception, in the sense that it has existed in all historical periods; Obviously, through the involvement of the popular mobilization movement in the thinking of the revolutionary leaders, in the great Islamic revolution the movement of the mass of the people gained the necessary form and conviction, and in general every revolutionary requires the use of popular mobilization; The ideal that many failed to reach that level of empathy and companionship until it was achieved. The history of this civilized land names Sheikh Fazlallah Nouri, Mirza Kochekhan Khan Jalali and Raisali Delvari as just a few of those who called for the mass mobilization of the masses - in the contemporary era - against the dictatorship of the ruling class. A group that, despite their many persistencies, failed to realize the original cause, and of course the great founders of the bright future. In view of the above approach, this article seeks to elucidate the concept of mobilization throughout human history. With this aim in mind, we periodically divided history into five different periods, from the Basij and the Medes, to the Basij and the Achaemenids, to the Basij and the Safavids, to the Basij and the Constitutional, and finally to the Basij and the Great Islamic Revolution. The findings of the paper, based on an analytical approach, illustrate the claim that the emergence of mobilization reaches the earliest stage of human life, and that the conceptual mobilization of the field over decades. The Great Islamic Revolution is not, however, during this period, and especially during the holy defense period, the concept of mobilization was best understood, interpreted and understood.

Article Type:
Research/Original Article
Pazuheshhaye Rahbordi Enghelabe Eslami, Volume:1 Issue: 4, 2020
65 - 94
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