The rise and establishment of the Safavid state resulted in dramatic changes in Iranian foreign policy; relations with other countries and the expansion of trade in the Safavid era became stronger, and these states opened up relations with the Safavid state for political and commercial purposes. The purpose of the present study is to investigate the textile trade in the Safavid era with the countries of England, the Netherlands and France. The main question is, what textiles were exported in the Safavid period and what kind of fabrics were imported into the country? The main hypothesis in response to this question is that the formation of the Safavid state brought political stability, and two factors threatening the Ottoman Empire and protecting the Safavid Shahs from trading had an effective role in expanding relations with European states. The research method of this study is historical and comparative. Moreover, the method of doing this work is in the form of libraries, and the way of data collection is by the method of extraction. The main findings of this study show that the formation of the Safavid state led to the political unity of the country, the security of roads and the prosperity of trade and commerce, especially the textile trade.
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