The succession of the Prophet (peace be upon him) in the prophetic court and the vote of the caliphs

Article Type:
Research/Original Article (دارای رتبه معتبر)

After the death of the Messenger of Allah (PBUH & HP), the issue of caliphate was the most important issue in Islamic society. Some claim that this succession was the basis of the divine installation; in addition to the intellectual currents, they sang another song and made other plans. The present research has attempted to answer the question with the historical-analytical method that the Prophet (pbuh), in terms of historical propositions, had a narrative view of the caliphate? What are the three caliphs? The results of this study indicate that there is a profound difference between the viewpoint of the Prophet (pbuh) and the three caliphs about the issue of caliphate. The Prophet (pbuh) considered the caliphate to be divine, while the three caliphs considered criteria such as allegiance, subordination, and council determination to legitimize their caliphate and each other, which later became the criterion of Sunni practice.

Theological - Doctrinal Research, Volume:10 Issue: 37, 2020
7 to 28  
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