The main responsibility of those in charge of rural development is adoption of proper strategies for effective sustainable management of the various aspects of production, distribution and consumption. The aim of this study is to study resilience and flexibility of villages in terms of production, distribution and consumption in different economic sectors and also explain the role of spatial organization of elements in resilience in the Cheshmeh-Sara district. The research method is descriptive-analytic. The method of collecting information is library search in documents and field study. Random sampling method was applied and the sample size was chosen to be 320 people according to Cochran’s statistical method. The data was analyzed using GIS and the SPSS software package. Spatial regression results indicate the relationship between resilience and elements of the spatial organization. The villages have more suitable lands that experienced a higher resilience, but only a few villages did not have such a situation. The least associated was the resilience of the spatial organization of the population. There has been a lot of volatility in the networks. Although Alikandi and Al-Balagh villages have the highest weight in communication networks but they have a low resilience. To this cause, its local coefficient ranged from 0.3 to 0.7. In general, the results indicate that the elements of spatial organization are resilient. The estimated local coefficient for them is 0.85, which indicates the high correlation of the entire village. Improving the quality of communication networks, creating small rural and domestic businesses, including the production of sweat, nuts, vegetable drying, dairy production that maintain the rural population, can increase rural resilience.
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