Spatial analysis of relationship between body mass index and somatotype profile with environmental indicators in Iranian provinces
Message:
Abstract:
Background and Aim

Physical status and body composition are affected by various parameters such as ecological, nutritional, and racial as well as age and sex factors. Therefore, identification of most effectiveness factors for health and sport performance can be useful to develop a formulation during sports programs. Therefore, this study aimed to determine the relationship between somatotype profile, environmental potential and socio-economic indicators in some provinces of Iran.

Materials and Methods

 This research is a descriptive-analytic type. The somatotype and body mass indices (boys 9-13 years old) are used as anthropometric indicators as well as the height, latitude and human development indices are used as environmental and economic indicators. The Human Development Index, are considerd as average of the three indicators of life expectancy, education and per capita GDP in terms of equal purchasing power with the same weight. The statistical methods were used as spatial statistics in ArcGIS and SPSS softwares.

Results

Regression analysis showed that there is a linear relationship between somatotype and topographic features (R2=0.39, p=0.02). Also, according to regression test, there was a significant relationship between body mass index and latitude (R2=0.42, p=0.0001), height (R2=0.39, p=0.008) and human development index (R2=0.377, p=0.005) respectively.

Conclusion

The physical condition and especially the somatotype, depends on geographical areas and also different socioeconomic conditions. Therefore, it can be used extensively in talent identification, sports polarization and health promotion. type profile and environmental potential and socio-economic indicators in the provinces of Iran. Present investigation methodology is a descriptive-analytic type. The somatotype and body mass index data are used as anthropometric indicators and height, latitude and human development index data are used as environmental and economic indicators. The Human Development Index results from the average of three indicators of life expectancy, training and education, and GDP per capita is in terms of equal purchasing power with the same weight. For this purpose, analyses are done through using statistical methods and statistical techniques and spatial statistics in ArcGIS and SPSS softwares.

Results

Regression analysis showed that there is a linear relationship between somatotype and and topographic features (R2 = 0/386, p= 0.023).Also, according to regression test, there is a significant relationship between body mass index and latitude, height and human development index respectively; (R2=0/423, p = 0/0001), (R2 = 0/398, p = 0/008), (R2 = 0/377, p = 0/005).

Conclusion

The physical condition, and in particular the somatotype, depends on geographical areas and different socioeconomic conditions, and this can be widely used in the identification and designation of sports poles.

Article Type:
Research/Original Article
Language:
Persian
Published:
Journal of practical studies of Biosciences in Sport, Volume:8 Issue: 15, 2020
Pages:
34 - 49
magiran.com/p2112271  
برخی از خدمات از جمله دانلود متن مقالات تنها به مشترکان مگیران ارایه می‌گردد. شما می‌توانید به یکی از روش‌های زیر مشترک شوید:
اشتراک شخصی
در سایت عضو شوید و هزینه اشتراک یک‌ساله سایت به مبلغ 400,000ريال را پرداخت کنید. همزمان با برقراری دوره اشتراک بسته دانلود 100 مطلب نیز برای شما فعال خواهد شد!
پرداخت با کارتهای اعتباری بین المللی از طریق PayPal امکانپذیر است.
اشتراک سازمانی
به کتابخانه دانشگاه یا محل کار خود پیشنهاد کنید تا اشتراک سازمانی این پایگاه را برای دسترسی همه کاربران به متن مطالب خریداری نمایند!
توجه!
  • دسترسی به متن مقالات این پایگاه در قالب ارایه خدمات کتابخانه دیجیتال و با دریافت حق عضویت صورت می‌گیرد و مگیران بهایی برای هر مقاله تعیین نکرده و وجهی بابت آن دریافت نمی‌کند.
  • حق عضویت دریافتی صرف حمایت از نشریات عضو و نگهداری، تکمیل و توسعه مگیران می‌شود.
  • پرداخت حق اشتراک و دانلود مقالات اجازه بازنشر آن در سایر رسانه‌های چاپی و دیجیتال را به کاربر نمی‌دهد.