Divorce is one of the most prevalent causes of stress which results in emotional disturbances and behavioral problems in people. Women's vulnerability to divorce is more than men. The objective of this study was to determine the effectiveness of cognitive-behavioral components training on emotional adjustment, resiliency and self-control strategies among divorced women.
The present study was of semi-experimental design with pre-test, post-test, and control group. Among all divorced women referred to the Justice Advice Center of Babol in during 2017- 2018, 60 were selected via convenience sampling method and randomly divided into two experimental and control groups. Data were collected via emotional cognitive strategies, resiliency scale and self-control questionnaire. At first, a pretest was given to each group. Then cognitive-behavioral training was performed on the experimental group during 12 90-minute sessions. Then, both groups took the post-test. Data analysis was performed using multivariate covariance analysis by SPSS software version 22.
The mean (SD) positive cognitive emotional regulation score increased from 52.4 (10.5) in post-test to 60.2 (13.7) in pre-test in the experimental group (P<0.001). The mean (SD) negative cognitive emotional regulation score in the pre-test of the experimental group decreased from 59.5 (9.3) to 48.2 (4) in the posttest (P<0.001). The mean (SD) resiliency score in the pre-test group increased from 43.6 (7.7) to 55.6 (9.5) in the post-test (P<0.001). The mean (SD) self-control score in the pre-test of the experimental group increased from 35.8 (6.4) to 46.2 (8.5) in the post test (P<0.001). The mean (SD) scores of positive cognitive emotional regulation, negative cognitive-emotional regulation, resiliency and self-control in pre-test and post-test of control group were not significantly different (P>0.05).
The study showed that cognitive-behavioral training lead to increased positive cognitive emotional regulation, resiliency and self-control and decreased negative cognitive-emotional regulation among divorced women.
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