Safety training is believed to be one of the pioneering safety measures to improve the safety culture in organizations. The aim of this study was to determine the impact of training and technical interventions on providing a work environment with proper safety culture and understanding the risk of dangerous situations at height among construction workers.
In this interventional study, 394 workers of different job groups in construction companies including impact driver operators, masonry workers, ironworkers and concrete vibrating operators were entered. Data were collected using “demographic”, “safety culture” and “the risk of dangerous situations at height” questionnaires. Questionnaires were completed and collected in three stages: before the intervention, two months after the first intervention and two months after the second intervention (eight months after the first intervention). The data were analyzed using Bonferron's modulation tests (follow-up tests in variance analysis) and binary logistic regression test in SPSS version 23 software.
The findings of the present study revealed the significant impact of safety training on all components of the safety culture and also the empowerment of workers in understanding of risk of dangerous situations at height. The findings of this study, also revealed the significant improvements in safety culture, indicating the role of training along with technical intervensions as crucial factors in improving workers safety in organizations.
Industries can prevent occupational accidents and their consequences by adopting proper safety and hygiene measures and engineering design through a coherent training program and achieve a sustainable industrial and development prosperity. In this regard, the findings of the present study showed that conducting training courses by involving workers and encouraging group discussion and expressing the importance of safety in the workplace as well as technical measures can positively influence workers' safety behaviors and promote safety culture. Exchange of views and sharing experiences, well-designed training programs, and devoting enough time can also be effective in promoting safe behaviors.
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