The first controversial issue after the death of the Prophet (PBUH) which led to division among Muslims was the issue of succession, political and religious leadership of Islamic society. Moreover, the early Islamic centuries marked the beginning of political and religious disputes and the emergence of sects with various ideas in Islamic society. The formation of the Khawarij flow in the event of Siffin in 37 AH and opposition to the Arbitration process caused a division among Imam Ali's troops. Their extremist ideas in the political and religious spheres led to a war against rulers and slaughter of oppositions and a division in the Islamic community. Moreover, In the last century, a new and innovative idea entered the arena of the Islamic world and took over the lands of Iraq and Syria under its influence and rule. Indeed, the ideas of ISIS stemming from Wahhabi thought which can be considered the ideas of Ibn Taymiyyah and his Simultaneous thinker like Sayyid Qutb. This research has been done by a descriptive-analytical method, and collecting data was done through librarya and internet sources in to order to answer these questions: What are the similarities and differences between the political and religious movement of the Khawarij and ISIS in the establishment of the Islamic State? It seems that the Khawarij and ISIL with their extremist religious ideas considered many Muslims as opposition for themselves who has to be slaughtered. However, in the political arena, ISIL succeeds in establishing its Khilafat in a short time at the land under its rule. However, Khawarij never had an opportunity to establish any kind of Islamic state except War and bloodshed and political turmoil.
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