Gravity and repulsion of the Kharijites in Iran in the first centuries of Islamic

The Kharijites were political-religious sectarian that gradually entered the land of Iran after their emergence in the first half of the first century AH in today's Iraq. Moreover, they raised the flag of rebellion and revolt against the Umayyad and Abbasid caliphs. The Kharijite uprisings in Iran lasted for three centuries, and some of them were so important that the caliph himself had to take action to handle them. However, the Kharijites have never been a significant threat to the central government, and they revolted intermittently. The main question of the present study is why and how the Kharijites were able to last in Iran for three centuries, and they have fans and also failed to take effective action in Iran? The research findings show that the Kharijites were able to attract different groups due to some of their religious beliefs and fighting spirit, as well as the issues raised for the people of the conquered Islamic lands and on the other hand, due to some belief features, such as stubbornness in defending their personal opinion and a particular interpretation of religious issues and social justice, they failed to create an effective convergence between other groups and elements dissatisfied with the government and finally, they have never been presented as an influential leader in the history of Iran. This research seeks to analyze the Kharijite actions in Iran in a historical method and with a descriptive-analytical approach based on data collection from library sources.

فصلنامه تاریخ پژوهی, Volume:21 Issue: 79, 2020
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