Effect of steam and dry heat sterilization on the insertion and fracture torque of orthodontic miniscrews
Article Type:
Research/Original Article (دارای رتبه معتبر)

Titanium miniscrews are used at an ever‑increasing rate to provide orthodontic anchorage. The aim of this study was to evaluate the mechanical performance of miniscrews after dry and steam sterilization.

Materials and Methods

In this experimental study, a total of 72 miniscrews from two different manufacturers with a diameter of 1.6 mm and height of 8 mm were divided into six groups (n = 12). One group of screws from each manufacturer was considered as the control group; the second underwent steam sterilization; and the last group was subjected to dry sterilization. Insertion and fracture torques of each miniscrew were assessed by a torque tester. Data were analyzed using the Kruskal–Wallis and Mann–Whitney tests (P < 0.05).


For Jeil miniscrew, no statistically significant differences were detected between the steam‑sterilized and control groups in their insertion torques (P > 0.05). There was a statistically significant difference between the steam sterilized, dry sterilized and control groups with respect to their fracture torque (P < 0.001). For Hubit miniscrew, there were no significant differences between steam sterilized, dry sterilized and control groups in their insertion torque (P > 0.05) and between steam sterilized and control groups with respect to their fracture torque (P > 0.05). There were significant differences in the mean values of insertion and fracture torques between the two different manufacturers (P < 0.001).


Steam sterilization had no detrimental effects on torque values of miniscrews, but dry heat sterilization affected their mechanical properties.

Dental Research Journal, Volume:17 Issue: 3, May-June 2020
219 to 224
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