Asthma is an important and chronic lung disease that in addition to having a negative impact on the quality of life of patients causes high mortality. Nowadays, one of the new methods of education in nursing is virtual education through smartphones. Therefore, this study aimed to determine the effect of virtual education on quality of life in asthmatic patients in Tohid Hospital in Sanandaj.
This study was performed semi-experimentally in 2018 on 70 patients with asthma. The samples were randomly selected and then placed in two groups of intervention and control (35 people in each group) by quadruple random blocking method. Data collection tools, personal information form and quality of life questionnaire were provided to the intervention group. The control group also received routine care at the same time. The data were collected in two stages before and after the intervention and entered into SPSS version 21 and then analyzed and analyzed. The Chlomogorov-Smirnov test was used to test the variability of the variables, and the Kai-Square test, independent t-test, and covariance analysis were used to analyze the data.
The mean score of quality of life before intervention was 2.21 in the intervention group and 2.17 in the control group, which did not show a significant difference (p = 0.09). But the mean score of quality of life after the intervention was 2.05 in the intervention group and 2.17 in the control group. Covariance analysis test showed a significant difference between the two groups (p < 0.001).
The results of this study showed that virtual education can be effective in improving the quality of life of patients with asthma. Accordingly, it is suggested that virtual education be considered as a useful, up-to-date and practical training method in nursing care programs.
Keywords: Asthma, Quality of Life, Virtual Education.
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