Substance and Accident as Viewed in Mulla Sadra`s Thought and Theoretical Mysticism

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Article Type:
Research/Original Article (دارای رتبه معتبر)
Abstract:

As viewed in theoretical mysticism and transcendent wisdom, especially based on the individual unity of existence, quiddity, its rules, the relation of quiddity to existence and its ordered problems, a different picture of previous philosophical schools, especially peripatetics, emerges. Following it, substance and accident, which are categories of quiddity, are also explained differently. This study draws quiddity and accident from the two perspectives of Mulla Sadra and theoretical mysticism and finally, based on this, quiddity and accident in transcendent wisdom and theoretical mysticism, despite maintaining their technical form take an upgrading course towards semantic generality and the scope of existential expansion. In Sadra's view, the three elements of "being of no needless place", "self-sufficiency," and "other-substantiating" are preserved in substance, with the difference that, firstly, a new explanation of subject, substantiating, and causality is presented at various levels and, secondly, they are drawn in the same direction. With regard to these substantial elements in the meaning of the substance, the explaining elements of accident, including the need for the subject and substantiating need to other, etc., change in relation to the substance, and accident exposes various divisions. In theoretical mysticism, following the final approach of Mulla Sadra, the relationship between quiddity and accident, their types and their semantical elements of explanation become of a view of differential stage

Language:
Persian
Published:
Ain - e - Hikmat, Volume:12 Issue: 43, 2020
Pages:
67 to 92
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