Diabetes is a common chronic disease in the world that causes high costs for public health due to severe consequences of the disease. Type 2 diabetes is associated with increased and accelerated cognitive impairment in the elderly, with severe changes such as Alzheimer's and vascular disease. The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of cognitive impairment in type 2 diabetic patients and also to correlate it with HbA1C level, age, sex and duration of diabetes.
This cross-sectional descriptive study was performed on type 2 diabetic patients referred to Firoozabad Medical Centers in 2015. After completing the demographic checklist, the Mental Health Questionnaire (MMSE) was administered to them. Data were analyzed using SPSS software.
This study was performed on 100 type 2 diabetic patients with mean age of 58±7.6 years. About 41% of the subjects were male and 59% female. Among men, 30 had mild MMSE and 15 moderate MMSE, while 42 women had mild MMSE and 17 had moderate mild test. This study showed that HbAC1 and FBS glycemic indexes were significantly correlated with MMSE test.
In this study, it was shown that cognitive impairment in diabetic patients was significantly correlated with gender, age and duration of diabetes. The results also showed that higher FBS and 2hpp would increase the chances of cognitive impairment.
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