Diabetes is one of the most serious public health problems in the world with a growing trend. The specific problems of these patients in the controlling and treating of this disease, which is cause many challenges in everyday life , which necessitates the use of coping behaviors in order to better adapt to stressful conditions. The aim of this study was to correlate the coping strategies with short-term memory capacity in type 1 and type 2 diabetic patients and healthy individuals.
The present study was an analytical study of correlation conducted to correlate coping strategies with short-term memory capacity in type 1 and type 2 diabetic patients and healthy individuals at Mazandaran Diabetes Center. The statistical population of the study was 176 people, of which 58 people with type 1 diabetes, 60 people with type 2 diabetes and 58 healthy people entered the study. In the present study, self-report questions, standard questionnaires to deal with stress situations and computer tools were used to measure short-term and long-term memory.
No Negative and significant correlation was seen (p<0.01) between short-term memory capacity and mental capacity with avoidant coping strategies and type type1 diabetes as well as negative and significant correlation (p<0.01) between short-term memory capacity and mental capacity with strategies. Also, there was a negative and significant correlation (p <0.01) between short-term memory capacity and mental capacity with emotion coping strategies in the type 2 diabetes. No significant difference was observed in other components.
The obtained findings indicated that using a coping strategy to address the problem of stressful conditions increases the short-term memory capacity. The use of emotion-oriented and avoidance coping strategies will reduce the short-term memory capacity in type 1 and type 2 diabetic patients. Therefore, by controlling stressful situations and training to apply appropriate strategies in crisis situations, the performance of diabetic patients can be improved to some extent.
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