Regarding the importance of ethics and specifically justice, the most basic concept in the realm of ethics, in designing curriculums and considering the importance of curricula in the development of the country, this study aimed to design novel scales to evaluate curricula in terms of ethics and justice.
This developmental and psychometric study was performed in the School of Nursing and Midwifery of Tabriz in the year 2018. To develop the initial scales, initially, the related literature was reviewed to define ethics, justice and curriculum, and then the Scale items were presented. To confirm the face and content validity of the scales, qualitative methods as well as descriptive statistics were used. Moreover, the reliability of the scales was computed via Inter-rater reliability coefficient (Kappa) and internal consistency method (Cronbachchr('39')s alpha coefficient).
Initially, the scales for the evaluation of ethics and justice were developed, each containing 25 and 39 items respectively. After quantitative and qualitative measurement of the face and content validity of the scales, the total number of the items in the scale of ethics increased to 28 items and that of justice declined to 32 items. The content validity of the whole scales based on S-CVI/Ave was 96.34 and 89.07 respectively. Moreover, the kappa coefficient of each scale was 0.87 and 0.81 and Cronbachchr('39')s alpha coefficient was 0.76 and 0/92 respectively.
In this study, the scales for the evaluation of the curriculum in terms of ethics and justice were developed, which can examine curriculum in terms of applying the required principles of healthcare ethics. It is recommended to use pilot scales in other educational environments.
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