Effectiveness of Group Stress Reduction on Mental Health, Mothers’ Quality of Life, and Behavioral Problems in Children with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder
Article Type:
Research/Original Article (دارای رتبه معتبر)
Children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) run a high risk of behavioral problems. Their parents are also at risk of mental health and reduced quality of life. The present study aimed to investigate the effect of group mindfulness-based stress reduction on the parents of ADHD children and their mental health, quality of life, and behavioral problems.
We conducted this single-blind randomized controlled clinical trial on 76 mothers with ADHD children aged 8-16 years referred to the clinics affiliated to Shiraz University of Medical Sciences. We randomly divided the patients into intervention and control groups. Group therapy included eight 45-minute sessions in two months and a three-month follow-up. The employed instruments were Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire-parent form (SDQ-P), General Health Questionnaire-28 (GHQ-28), and Health related quality of life-short form-36 (HRQOL-SF-36). We analyzed all data by SPSS, and P values less than 0.05 were statistically significant.
After the intervention, the overall mean score for GHQ-28 (P<0.01) and dimensions of HRQOL-SF-36 (P<0.01), physical (P<0.001), and mental health significantly increased (P<0.01) and SDQ-P decreased (P<0.01) in the intervention group compared to the control group.
Group mindfulness-based stress reduction was effective on mental health and quality of life in the parents of children with ADHD and could decrease child behavioral problems.
International Journal of School Health, Volume:7 Issue: 3, Summer 2020
6 to 14
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