Experimental investigation of bed evolution resulting from dam break
Article Type:
Research/Original Article (دارای رتبه معتبر)
This study examines the relations of structures and shapes of streambed evolution after dam break floods. A flume was used to simulate dam-break floods with variations of initial upstream water levels and variance, from uniform to graded, of the bed sediments. Detailed measurements of the evolution and composition were made during these experiments. The data indicate that intense scour occurred immediately downstream of the “dam break” in both uniform and graded sediments. The resulting bed surfaces of graded sediments showed coarse-fine-coarse structures in the areas with the lowest scour and highest deposition and various type of cluster (i.e. line and heap). This pattern was not observed in beds of uniform sediment. The scour hole changes from circular to oval-shaped in both uniform and graded sediments with increasing bed slopes. Keywords: Dam break, Experimental, Bed-surface composition, Graded and uniform sediment, Scour.
Journal of Hydraulic Structures, Volume:6 Issue: 2, Spring 2020
23 to 33
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