Identifying Barriers to Transgender People's Participation in Sport (Grounded Theory Approach)
Article Type:
Research/Original Article (دارای رتبه معتبر)

Each community, except for the two sexes, includes other segments that have sex disorders that affect their participation in sport, so the purpose of this study was to identify barriers to transgender participation.


This study was conducted by qualitative method and using Glaser method which consisted of two parts. The first part consisted of semi-structured interviews with (n = 13) gender-aware individuals and individuals in the field. Data were analyzed using logical induction method during three stages of open, axial and selective coding. The second part of the study also included the prioritization of results by the SEM method conducted by the elite.


The coding results showed that there were nine components and 19 categories of interviews that included body shame, fear of covering in the form of physical self-concept, categories of social acceptance, hot stigma and social exclusion in the form of social phobia, future concerns and problems Finance in the form of economic security, consulting and infrastructure in the form of technical development, prevalence of violence and discrimination in the form of injustice, delusions, awareness and inexperience in the form of mental defaults, deviation and segregation in the form of behavioral styles. Educators, self-esteem, social escape, and motivation in the context of social and media inferiority and the rules in the form of social media tools. It was fluid. Finally, in the selective coding of four sections including self, sport, economics, and society, barriers to transgender participation were identified.


Considering the identification of diverse components as barriers to participation in its four sectors, sport, structure and society seem to be a priority in behavioral and cultural reform of the social sector, which suggests that community education sectors such as media ، Contribute to this culture and improve participation.

Journal of Sport Management and Development, Volume:9 Issue: 4, 2021
38 - 56  
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