Investigation of transgenic elements in genetically modified maize germ (Zea mays) and maize germ oil distributed in local market by qualitative PCR method
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Article Type:
Research/Original Article (بدون رتبه معتبر)
Abstract:
Background and objective

Detection of genetically modified organisms (GMOs) is a controversial issue in food control. Due to the increased production and consumption of transgenic products in the last decade, their monitoring and characterization has come into force by the regulators. At this study, we examined the transgenic elements in maize germs and their oil by PCR.

Materials and methods

Following the DNA extraction from maize germ and maize oil by CTAB and Wizard Magnetic methods, respectively, PCR test was conducted to analyze the genes CaMV35S, NOS, FMV, and zein. Then, the PCR products were electrophoresed on agarose gel 2% containing ethidium bromide. To avoid false negative and false positive results, appropriate control actions were implemented during the experiments.

Results and conclusion

CaMV35S, NOS, FMV, and zein genes were detected and identified in transgenic maize germ samples, but no specific band of the transgenes was found for maize oil samples, indicating the DNA degradation during the oil production and purification process. It indicated that the current processes of maize germ oil production remove the residual transgenes. Therefore, the concerns about unintended intake of unknown genetic materials through the genetically modified crops such as maize oil is reduced to some extent.

Language:
English
Published:
Human, Health and halal Metrics, Volume:1 Issue: 2, Summer-Autumn 2020
Pages:
64 to 70
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