The Relationships between Jurisprudence and Politics in the School of Jabal Amel

Article Type:
Research/Original Article (بدون رتبه معتبر)

Jabal Amel School is one of the important Shia jurisprudential schools, which has been the center and focal point of Shia religious thought between the eighth and tenth centuries AH. In the aforementioned school, Shia jurisprudence was freed from the domination of Sunni jurisprudence and jurisprudential structure for the first time, and for this reason, along with the jurist who was political before and from the beginning, it has become politicized. The political readiness of Shia jurisprudence during this period made the Mamluk government and its Sunni fanatical rulers doubly sensitive to it. This led to Muhammad ibn Makki, the founder of the Jabal Amel school, who had a contemporary and even Taqiyah approach (an approach in which you hide your religious belief), being first placed under house arrest and eventually martyred.The special situation of Jabal Amel region, which had caused it to be in the middle of the territory of the Mamluk government, is appropriate for the use of a special kind of Wilayat Faqih practice, i.e. the method that used a jurisprudential advocate. This method has been adopted directly from the sira (lifestyle) of the seventh to eleventh Shia Imams and today is one of the evidence for the theory of Guardianship of the Islamic Jurist. Although the jurists of the Jabal Amel School were unable to pursue their political objectives at the time and in Jabal Amel, they resolved many of those concerns in Iran by migrating to Iran during the Safavid era.

نشریه فقه و سیاست, Volume:1 Issue: 2, 2021
145 to 171  
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