Maku Castle in the Safavid and Ottoman Conflicts
Research/Original Article (دارای رتبه معتبر)
With the formation of the Safavid government and the beginning of the Ottoman-Iran wars in northwestern Iran, Maku region, with Maku Castle as its center, became one of the gateways between Persian territories and eastern Anatolia in the center of these battles. The castle’s ownership shifted many times between the Safavids and the Ottomans. Where did Maku Castle stand in the Ottoman-Safavid conflicts? The present study attempted to investigate the status of Maku Castle during the Ottoman-Safavid conflicts via an analytical research approach. The study claims that Maku Castle had an important place in the military policy of the Safavids and the Ottomans due to its stability and location at the Iranian-Anatolian border crossing, and this issue was the cause of the disputes between the two powers over this castle. The result was that the Ottomans and Safavids tried to consolidate their influence along the border by lodging their own tribes at Maku Castle. Shah Abbas I showed his military superiority over the Ottomans by defeating the Ottoman-affiliated tribes in northwestern Iran, capturing Maku Castle, and housing the Bayat tribe in the fortress of this castle. During the reign of Shah Safi, the Ottomans seized Maku Castle, which was destroyed under the Zuhab peace treaty. However, the Safavids, in violation of the peace treaty, captured the castle and controlled it, with brief pauses, until the fall of Isfahan.
Research Journal of Iran Local Histories, Volume:9 Issue: 18, 2021
61 to 78
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