The principles of Iranian architecture in rural housing (Case study: Kolamo village of Shahroud)

Article Type:
Case Study (بدون رتبه معتبر)

The principles of Iranian architecture are derived from the culture of this region. These principles have existed in rural Iran in the past. But today, social and economic developments have made changes in the pattern of rural housing architecture and in today's architecture, less attention has been paid to the principles of Iranian architecture. Meanwhile, the architecture of the old rural housing has valuable criteria and indicators that can be identified and analyzed and used in the design of a new housing model. Therefore, the main purpose of this study is to investigate the principles of Iranian architecture in rural housing. This research is applied in terms of purpose and descriptive-analytical in terms of method. For this purpose, by studying library sources, the principles of Iranian architecture were identified, and then by field study, the manifestation of these principles in four housing index models of Kalamo village in Shahroud was examined. The results show that the housing index models of Kalamo are in accordance with the principles of Iranian architecture and in all models, a manifestation of these principles and its components can be seen. In principle, populism has been considered as a component of avoiding identifying and meeting the needs of residents, and in principle, avoiding the futility of moderation in decorations and moderation in the size of the building, and in principle, introversion, prohibition of aristocracy and creating privacy. The model extraction based on the principles of Iranian architecture and its components for contemporary rural housing is presented

Journal of research in urban planning and architecture of Environment Identity, Volume:2 Issue: 6, 2021
40 to 52  
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