Perspectives of Iran-Saudi Arabia relations; Future scenarios and solutions; Using the Delphi method

Article Type:
Research/Original Article (دارای رتبه معتبر)
Relations between Iran and Saudi Arabia as two influential regional powers in the regional and global arena have been marked by ups and downs since the victory of the revolution in Iran. The two countries have experienced numerous conflicts in the past. In general, the geopolitical, geoeconomic, ideological and systemic competitions of the international system have been the basis of escalating tensions in recent years. Due to the Position of two countries in the regional arena Future analysis of relations between two countries is an undeniable necessity. In the present study, the future of relations between Iran and Saudi Arabia has been studied using Delphi method. Here, the questionnaire was designed in a Likert method and distributed to the professors and experts, and finally, it was completed in two stages. The main question of the present study is what are the possible scenarios in Iran-Saudi relations In the next decade and will the strategies for managing the tensions in the relations of the two countries be formulated in a strategic and Policy maker framework? The result was that, subjective, identity and ideological factors always play a key role in Tension escalates between Iran and Saudi Arabia compared to other factors. Finally, the present study examined the short-term, long-term and mid-term solutions to the potential challenges in the regional relations of the two countries. The contents of this study will be used in the Creation of regional foreign policy strategies of the Islamic Republic of Iran.
A Quarterly Journal World Politics, Volume:10 Issue: 2, 2021
245 to 288  
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