Personal data is of great economic importance, which is called the currency of the future, but the environment in which people live and work with it constantly, collect and process personal data and use it in a variety of ways. Therefore, there is a need for laws that protect this valuable thing. The most important legal framework for the protection of personal data is the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR). This regulation was approved in 2016 and came into force in 2018, and is currently the most comprehensive framework for the protection of personal data. However, in previous years the EU has enacted legislation on the protection of personal data (Personal Data Protection Directive 1995), but this regulation is the most complete legal framework for data protection due to its innovative features and protections. Due to the importance of this regulation in the protection of personal data, it is necessary to introduce this legal framework and express the basic concepts, scope of application and strengths of this regulation in order to better understand the protections contained in the GDPR. The present article, by searching this regulation and related sources, states this and takes steps to clarify this regulation to help formulate an appropriate legal framework regarding the protection of personal data in the Iranian legal system.
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