“Baghiy” is a word common to three areas, including religion, jurisprudence and law. This word, despite its great importance in all three areas, does not have a suitable definition in any of these areas, and there are no specific instances of it in them. In the definitions provided in jurisprudence and law, most words need to be assigned specific instances and delimited, so that any likely abuse can be prevented. In the present research, in order to extract the meaning of “baghiy”, in addition to paying attention to the jurisprudential status of this word, Quranic verses and the narrations of the Infallibles (p. b. u. t.) have been considered. From the perspective of Quranic verses, narrations or their interpretations, baghiy has certain effects and bāghi has its own instances. In some uses of the word “baghiy”, the effects of baghiy have been replaced with its meaning. In contrast to jurisprudence and law, which consider the occurrence of baghiy to be possible only against a just Imam and an Islamic state, Quranic verses and narrations have considered the occurrence of baghiy to be possible against anyone, including Imams (a.s.), caliphs and even ordinary people. The real and basic meaning of baghiy, which arises from what it has been made for, is “demanding something along with transgression”, which is consistent with all its relative uses in the verses of the holy Quran and the hadiths of the Infallibles (a.s.).
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