According to the widespread use of aluminum alloys in the oil and gas and petrochemical industries and their low corrosion resistance in corrosive environments, it is necessary to make the surface of these alloys resistant to corrosion using a appropriate coating method. In this research, the coating method in an aqueous environment in an autoclave on the surface of 6061 aluminum alloy was used and its corrosion resistance was investigated. The cleaned samples were placed in an autoclave. Then, by controlling the temperature, time and pressure, an oxide / hydroxide coating was created on the surface. X-ray diffraction (XRD) patterns showed that the coating generally contained an AlO(OH) phase. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM ) images of the coating surface showed that the cubic nanocrystals were densely formed throughout the surface. Vickers microhardness test also showed that the coating was soft and had no effect on the surface hardness. However, the polarization curves show that the corrosion current density of the generated substrates is significantly reduced and the corrosion potential is more positive. As the parameters of autoclave temperature, time and pressure increase, the coating thickness increases and the corrosion current density decreases. It was also concluded that the coating method in the aqueous environment inside the autoclave in liquid and immersed state is a more desirable method due to the higher autoclave pressure than the water vapor state. This indicates that the corrosion resistance of 6061 aluminum alloy has been significantly increased by the use of steam coating.
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