Evaluation of some risk factors on the rainbow trout production with emphasis on water microbial indices and heavy metals of farms along the Haraz River

Article Type:
Research/Original Article (دارای رتبه معتبر)

Haraz River has an important role in the development of aquaculture and the production of rainbow trout in Mazandaran province. Since 2015, the production of rainbow trout has been decreased in the farms along the river and almost halved. This study have been investigated the microbial indices and heavy metals in water as well as the identification of common bacterial pathogens and their resistance to antibiotics and used them as effective factors in the fish health and production. This study was conducted during four seasons (summer, autumn and winter 2017 and spring 2018) in 6 rainbow trout farms along the Haraz River. The results showed that the amount of the water mercury in all seasons was from minimum 2 to maximum 12 times the allowable limit but the arsenic level was standard in all sampling times. The most important clinical symptoms were observed in the fish including fin rot, erratic swimming, inflammation and hyperemia of the liver and kidneys. From 420 fish with clinical signs, 12.15% and 87.85% of fish were positive and negative bacterial culture respectively. The all of bacterial isolates were gram-negative and no gram-positive bacteria were isolated. The bacterial agents identified were including, Yersinia (37.25%), Aeromonas (33.35%), Eduardzilla (11.76%), Vibrio (7.84%), Pasteurella (5.88%) and Citrobacter (3.92%). The highest and lowest antibiotic resistances were found against amoxicillin and trimethoprim sulfamethoxazole respectively. In evaluation of the microbial water indices including total bacterial count, coliform count, fecal coliform count and E. coli, the results showed that the all of microbial indices were not allowable level in the most of the sampling time.

Iranian Scientific Fisheries Journal, Volume:30 Issue: 6, 2022
25 to 42
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