Marital conflicts are a precursor to the separation of couples and can range from obvious differences in the views of man and woman to serious differences in goals, values and aspirations. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship betwee n social responsibility and marital conflicts in couples with the mediating role of optimism and self - regulatory.
The present study was a descriptive - survey and correlational study. The statistical population included couples who referred to Baha r Andisheh Clinic in Mashhad in 2020 - 2021 and 300 people were selected by convenience sampling. Responsibility, marital conflicts, self - regulation and optimism questionnaires were used to collect data. Data were analyzed using SPSS 23 software and Pearson correlation test (structural equation).
The results revealed that 68% of the variance related to marital conflicts was explained by the social responsibility, optimism, and self - regulation. Responsibility showed a direct and significant relationsh ip with optimism and self - regulation (r= 0.597 and 0.736, respectively and P < 0.001), and had a negative and significant relationship with marital conflicts (P - value < 0.001).
Based on the results, the sense of social responsibility reduces ma rital conflicts and with increasing optimism and self - regulation, couple's conflicts decrease. It is suggested that educational interventions be held to strengthen and improve the level of responsibility, optimism and self - regulation in order to reduce mar ital conflicts.
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