Colors are one of the elements whose symbolic meaning must be considered in such a way that the inner meaning of Islamic architecture and art can be understood. Therefore, the purpose of this study is to identify the components affecting the mystical reading of the colors used in Nasir al-Molk Mosque and to investigate the effect of each of them on the spiritual and mystical states of the worshiper.
Using descriptive-survey research method, first the concept of color and its place in mosques is defined. Then the physical characteristics of color in Nasir Al-Molk Mosque in Shiraz have been studied. In the second step, by examining the theoretical foundations and reviewing the research backgrounds, the variables affecting the mystical reading of color in this mosque were identified and selected by a group of experts using the Delphi technique. Then, the questionnaire based on research variables was distributed among 250 architecture students and analyzed using structural equation modeling. Finally, the colors of each part of the mosque and the mystical states affected by the colors are examined and matched, according to the different movement patterns of the worshiper.
The color palette of Nasir Al-Molk Mosque tiles is very diverse and warm colors are more visible. According to the path coefficients of each of the indicators, the "kinetic hierarchy" has a greater impact on the mystical reading of color.
The Muslim architect has reduced the color and variety of colors in the construction of this mosque, wherever there is a need to stop and think and monitor her condition (such as the entrance space and the eastern porch). Where the believer must find the freshness and freshness necessary to be present before God (such as the porch and the nave), she has used various and happy colors. Therefore, by using color in the prayer path of the worshiper, the architect connects the two spaces "material and noisy outside" and the space "spiritual and spiritual inside the mosque" and promotes spirituality in the worshiper.
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