Due to the challenges that have arisen today, including the violation of citizenship rights, discrimination, moral, social, and administrative corruption, a great deal of attention has been paid to sustainable urban development. This type of development requires planning. Moreover, people must learn to be more aware of this issue and participate actively in solving the problems hindering sustainable urban development. Despite profound changes in the country's economic, social, and environmental indicators in recent decades, many issues still hinder sustainable urban development in many urban areas of our country.
This study aimed to investigate the implementation status of sustainable development strategies and explain the role of citizenship rights in Shiraz. This research was correlational and applied in terms of purpose. Moreover, the data was collected using desk and field study methods. The study's statistical population included 59 professors and university experts in the field of urban management, urban planning, and citizenship rights, as well as experts and managers of different departments of Shiraz Municipality. The study used a questionnaire to collect research data. Also, it uses descriptive and inferential statistics, the structural equation modeling method, and Smasrt_PLS software to analyze the research data.
For overcoming the obstacles and challenges of sustainable urban development, several strategies could be used by researchers and professors of economics and urban management to overcome. One of these strategies is the status of citizenship rights which was neglected in some previous research. To prove this strategy, the statistical indicators of the characteristics of research experts were analyzed. This analysis showed that the knowledge of about 87% of the statistical population is at average, high, and very high levels, indicating many experts are aware of citizenship rights. Moreover, this shows the importance of this concept to the experts as some citizens. Furthermore, the skewness and elongation tests, which were performed to test the normality of the studied data, proved the hypothesis that suggested the information is usually distributed. Of course, sustainable urban development in a metropolis like Shiraz still faces various challenges.
Since the path coefficient of the fitted research model was about 26.4%, about 26.4% of the changes in the implementation status of sustainable urban development strategies are affected by the variable of citizens' awareness of citizenship rights. Moreover, the final results of this study were consistent with this result, indicating one of the strategies to overcome the obstacles and challenges of sustainable development is the status of citizenship rights. Therefore, one of the essential strategies for increasing sustainable development is to improve the level of citizenship rights. If citizenship rights are included in urban development plans, it will be easier to achieve sustainable development.
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