Ironic Expression in Ali Akbar Saber's HopHopNameh

Article Type:
Research/Original Article (بدون رتبه معتبر)

Irony is an expressive technique in which there is a contradiction between pretense and reality, and the audience infers the truth of the proposition beyond appearances. Irony comes in many forms: verbal, rhetorical, situational, fate, dramatic, romantic, Socratic, and radical. Ali Akbar Saber has used irony to highlight his words and express his intentions, in order to increase the influence and appeal of his speech and to be more influential on the reader. Political, social and religious issues are among the most important issues raised in Saber's poems in an ironic way. In Saber's thought, the opposition of the concepts of rationalism and superstition, patriotism and foreign intervention, freedom and tyranny, ignorance and awareness, silence and protest, progress and regression and many other issues, has provided a suitable platform for the creation of ironic speech. Saber has reflected on the unfavorable political and social situation of his time by using the ironic style of speech and with an unexpected dichotomous expression, and with an ironic weapon, he has risen to fight against your hypocrite. In this research, with a descriptive-analytical approach, the types of irony in the poems of Ali Akbar Saber have been explained. The high frequency of lexical and rhetorical irony in Saber's poems reflects Saber's purposeful approach to the use of ironic language in advancing his revolutionary goals.

Journal of Comparative Research of Nations Language and Literature, Volume:6 Issue: 19, 2022
71 to 91  
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