Money laundering is a concept that has attracted the attention of many scholars over the past years and has set its position as an important concept in legal and economic literature. It refers to attempts to change the formation of revenues derived from criminal activities with the aim of hiding the principle of cash, its origin and ownership, as well as escaping the identification and prosecution of illegal or criminal activities. Money laundering is an organized crime that brings about harmfulness economic, social, political, and security outcomes. Thus, the present research sought to find out and analyze the effects and consequences of money laundering and the need for fighting it. This study, as human sciences researches, was done using descriptive-analytical and library study design. The results indicated that money laundering is like a halo on the economy of a country and causes harmful effects in all areas, including reduction of the transparency of economic exchanges, mistrust on financial markets, change in the process of investment from being a producer to a broker, damaging the activities of the private sector and preventing healthy competition, threatening of the national economy and non-implementation of economic and social policies, reduction of government income sources regarding tax revenues and weakening it, increasing inflation, expanding public poverty, and increasing corruption and economic-social instability; the lack of attention to and confrontation with money laundering can contribute to institutionalization of these effects in the society. Therefore, a serious resolution and cooperation of all organs of government involved is required, at the top of all, the economic security police, according to its role in predicting, preventing, and fighting economic crimes and helping to provide the health of the economic structures of the country.
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