Article Type:
Research/Original Article (بدون رتبه معتبر)
The Achaemenid architecture is a prominent example of Achaemenid art. The Achaemenids were very interested in constructing palaces and terraces adorned with columns. The remains of these structures can be seen in Susa and Persepolis. Due to the expanse of the Achaemenid Empire and the extent of their political activities, they established satrapies at every corner of their empire to protect their lands. Dahaneh-e Gholaman (the gateway of slaves) is one of these satrapies, which is believed to have served as a political center in the Achaemenid Empire. Located in Sistan in the east of Iran, Dahaneh-e Gholaman is the only mudbrick city surviving from the Achaemenid era. Traces of the Achaemenid architecture and urban planning can still be observed in the remaining buildings. This study sought to identify the features of the Achaemenid architecture in Dahaneh-e Gholaman using an interpretive-historical methodology. The findings show that, unlike other Achaemenid structures that are generally made of stone, clay was used to construct the buildings of Dahaneh-e Gholaman due to the availability of certain construction materials and the region’s climatic condition. In addition, unlike other Achaemenid structures which have flat roofs, the buildings constructed in Dahaneh-e Gholaman have domed roofs. This shows that the residents were very knowledgeable about the region’s climatic conditions. Other elements of the Achaemenid architecture such as corner towers, apadana, military barracks, and columned halls are also present in Dahaneh-e Gholaman, all of which indicate the influence of the Achaemenid architecture and urban planning on this historic city.
Journal of Sistan and Baluchistan Studies, Volume:1 Issue: 1, Jun 2021
21 to 30
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