Orthopedic Trauma During Pregnancy; a Narrative Review
Article Type:
Review Article (دارای رتبه معتبر)

Blunt traumas, like road accidents and falls, are common causes of injuries to pregnant women,and the major risk factors are young age and low socioeconomic level. Due to physiological and anatomicalchanges specific to pregnancy, such as changes in blood pressure and hemoglobin drop, trauma managementinvolves certain complexities. Physical trauma is estimated to cause at least 1 complication in every 12 pregnan-cies. This study aims to evaluate orthopedic trauma during pregnancy and appreciate the different approachesto circumvent the resultant challenges.


We reviewed 55 articles, published on orthopedic traumaduring pregnancy between 2011 and 2021. The articles were identified by searching PubMed, google-scholar,Scopus, and Science-Direct. We utilized the search terms: fall in pregnancy, traumas in pregnancy, motor vehi-cle accident/crash in pregnancy, blunt trauma in pregnancy, pregnant trauma patient, penetrating injury dur-ing pregnancy, assault, interpersonal violence in pregnancy, and mortality and pregnancy.


Accordingto available reports, after stabilizing the pregnant patient, diagnostic procedures, including radiography, andeven gadolinium-based techniques when needed, can be performed to examine extensive trauma. In contrastto elective orthopedic surgery, emergency orthopedic surgeries, including reduction of open fractures, shouldbe performed promptly.


Based on our investigation, pregnant women with orthopedic injuriesthat are severe, or even seemingly less severe, experience significantly increased adverse pregnancy outcomes,which include preterm birth, placental abruption, poor infant condition at birth, infant death, and even mater-nal death.

Archives of Academic Emergency Medicine, Volume:10 Issue: 1, 2022
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