Epidemiology of Diseases and Mortality in a Pediatric Intensive Care Unit in Qazvin, Iran
Message:
Article Type:
Research/Original Article (دارای رتبه معتبر)
Abstract:
Background

Depending on the level of care and the availability of pediatric intensive care unit (PICU) facilities, the mortality rate of acutely ill children varies in PICUs. Referral of patients from other medical centers, admission during working or off-work hours, and nosocomial infections are the most important risk factors for the high mortality rates in PICUs.

Objectives

The present study aimed to investigate the characteristics and factors related to the risk of mortality in pediatric patients admitted to the PICU of a pediatric hospital in Qazvin, Iran.

Methods

This cross-sectional study was performed on children admitted to the PICU of a pediatric hospital in Qazvin, Iran, between June 2017 and June 2020. During this period, a total of 1504 children, aged one month to 13 years, were admitted to the PICU, and 106 cases expired. The patients’ clinical data (ie, demographic characteristics, underlying disease, cause of death, and length of hospital stay) was extracted from their medical records. A prolonged length of stay was defined as more than 28 days of PICU admission.

Results

A total of 106 children, with a mean age of 3.89 ± 3.23 years, expired during the study, with 41 (38.7%) cases being male. Among the investigated cases, 61 (57%) were < 2 years, 18 (17%) were 2 - 5 years old, and 27 (26%) were≥ 6 years. In these patients, sepsis (13/82, 15.85%) and pneumonia (10/82, 12.19%) were the main causes of death. Other mortalities (14/106) were due to infectious diseases (gastroenteritis, influenza, and coronavirus disease) and non-infectious diseases (aspiration, anaphylaxis, and electrocution). The majority of children with a prolonged length of stay were < 2 years (17/23, 74%). The length of PICU stay was shorter in children with a lower weight percentile (P = 0.016).

Conclusions

Following infectious diseases, congenital abnormalities and genetic disorders were the most common causes of pediatric mortality. Chronically ill children were more likely to be underweight and develop nutritional disorders, leading to the deterioration of their condition.

Language:
English
Published:
Journal of Comprehensive Pediatrics, Volume:13 Issue: 2, May 2022
Page:
2
magiran.com/p2444210  
برخی از خدمات از جمله دانلود متن مقالات تنها به مشترکان مگیران ارایه می‌گردد. شما می‌توانید به یکی از روش‌های زیر مشترک شوید:
اشتراک شخصی
با عضویت و پرداخت آنلاین حق اشتراک یک‌ساله به مبلغ 700,000ريال می‌توانید 100 عنوان مطلب دانلود کنید!
اشتراک سازمانی
به کتابخانه دانشگاه یا محل کار خود پیشنهاد کنید تا اشتراک سازمانی این پایگاه را برای دسترسی نامحدود همه کاربران به متن مطالب تهیه نمایند!
توجه!
  • دسترسی به متن مقالات این پایگاه در قالب ارایه خدمات کتابخانه دیجیتال و با دریافت حق عضویت صورت می‌گیرد و مگیران بهایی برای هر مقاله تعیین نکرده و وجهی بابت آن دریافت نمی‌کند.
  • حق عضویت دریافتی صرف حمایت از نشریات عضو و نگهداری، تکمیل و توسعه مگیران می‌شود.
  • پرداخت حق اشتراک و دانلود مقالات اجازه بازنشر آن در سایر رسانه‌های چاپی و دیجیتال را به کاربر نمی‌دهد.