First isolation of biodegradable polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons Mycobacterium porcinum and Mycobacterium celeriflavum from oil-polluted ecosystems

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Article Type:
Research/Original Article (دارای رتبه معتبر)
Abstract:
Background

Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) have detrimental effects on human, ecosystem, and biodiversity. Bioremediation is an option that has been used to remediate and reduce the risk of contaminants such as PAHs. Microorganisms are readily available to screen and can be rapidly identified to be used in many extreme environmental conditions. Mycobacteria have a great potential for the production of bioactive compound, which have degradation activity. Due to this issue, and also, as there is no study conducted on the biodiversity of biodegradable Mycobacterium in Markazi province, the present study aimed to assess the isolation and identification of biodegradable Mycobacterium species from diverse Markazi province ecosystems.

Methods

Mycobacterium were screened from a total of 30 soil, water, and sludge samples from the oilpolluted ecosystems of Markazi province and characterized to the genus and species level by applying molecular and conventional microbiological assay including the PCR amplification and sequence
analysis of 16SrRNA and hsp65 genes. The growth rate in the presence of PAHs, turbidometry, and high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) were used to determine their bioremediation capability.

Results

In total, 6 Mycobacterium isolates (20%) were screened from 30 samples, which belonged to two species of Mycobacterium consisting of M. porcinum (4 isolates) and M. celeriflavum (2 isolates). The strains of M. porcinum and M. celeriflavum could degrade 70% and 90% of 1 mg/L PAH solution in 7 days.

Conclusion

According to the results, the M. porcinum and M. celeriflavum have a significant capability to biodegrade the PAHs. Therefore, more investigations are recommended for separation and applicational use of the mycobacterium species for bioremediation of PAHs.

Language:
English
Published:
Environmental Health Engineering and Management Journal, Volume:9 Issue: 2, Spring 2022
Pages:
97 to 104
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