When family members show compassion for themselves and others, they form a positive body image of themselves, free from blame and criticism. The aim of this study was to determine the structural model of correlation between family adjustment and cohesion with body image concern with the mediating role of perfectionism and compassion in Tehran residents.
The research method was descriptive-correlation. The statistical population included all residents of Tehran in 2020, from which 654 people were selected by convenience sampling method. To collect data from the demographic questionnaire, the “Family Adaptability and Cohesion Evaluation Scale”, the "Body Image Concern Inventory", the “Multidimensional Perfectionism Scale” and the “Self-Compassion Scale” was used. The validity of the instruments was measured using content validity by qualitative method and reliability by internal consistency method by calculating Cronbach's alpha coefficient. Structural equation model and SPSS. 24 and Amos. 24 software were used to analyze the data.
The path coefficient between family adjustment and cohesion and body image anxiety was negative due to perfectionism (P <0.01, β = -0.209) and self-compassion (P <0.01, β = -0.158), and was significant at the level of 0.01.
Perfectionism and self-compassion mediate the correlation between family adjustment and cohesion with body image concerns in a negative and meaningful way. Therefore, it is suggested that educational workshops be held to teach positive and adaptive perfectionism, as well as self-compassion for the residents of Tehran.
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