Leaching of Metals from Dental Silver Alloy Wastes

Article Type:
Research/Original Article (دارای رتبه معتبر)
Environmental issues of hazardous metal wastes as well as growing demand for metals has increased focus on the forthcoming provision of metals. Therefore, the recovery and recycling processes of precious metals from secondary resources have become more prominent in the last years. Silver is one of the precious metals which can be recovered from wastes such as electronic wastes, coin and medal production losses, photographic films, and dental filling materials known as amalgam, which has the highest silver content. The present paper investigates the acid leaching of metals from a waste sample of dental silver alloy generated during the melt spray process. The alloy constitutes of 42.13% Ag, 31.03% Sn, and 26.84 Cu. The phase composition of amalgam generally consists of Ag2Hg3, Ag3Sn, SnxHg, Cu6Sn5, and Cu3Sn. The effects of the system temperature (25-80°C), nitric acid concentration as the leachate (13.75-65%), pulp density (33-200 g/l), and reaction time (0-240 min) on the dissolution recovery of silver, copper, and tin have been investigated. In the best case, we recovered 100% of silver and 98% of copper as soluble nitrates while tin was isolated as solid stannic oxide.
International Journal of Advanced Design and Manufacturing Technology, Volume:15 Issue: 2, Jun 2022
35 to 38
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